|General Operation of
Q. Im only going to be drilling a few holes. Do I need
to use the torque tube?
A. Whenever drilling vertical holes, the torque tube must always be attached. The torque
tube transfers digging torque from the drill head to the engine carriage, making one-man
drilling both safe and efficient.
Q. Im not sure if there are underground wires or pipes at my digging or trenching
site. What should I do?
A. Call your local One-Call center, utility office, or Diggers
Hotline at least 72 hours ahead so that they can mark the location of buried
electrical lines or other utilities. If you fail to do so, you will subject yourself or
others to the possibility of serious harm. You may also be breaking the law. Click the
link for a list of One-Call numbers:
Q. What is the largest diameter auger I can use on my Little Beaver?
A. The answer to this question can vary greatly, depending upon your soil conditions:
For loam, sand, clay, or sandy/clay soils:
8 HP mechanical models 12
rocky soils (not solid rock, but soil containing stones or rock)
8 HP mechanical models 12, Carbide blade recommended
Q. How deep can a Little Beaver dig?
A. Digging depth is dependent upon soil conditions and auger diameter. Here are some
typical depths achievable in loam or sandy/clay soils. Depths deeper than 36" require
optional extension. Optional tripod is also recommended.
Q. My auger is stuck in the ground. What do I do?
A. In many cases, you can use a pipe wrench on the top of the auger to turn it in a
counter-clockwise direction. Disconnect the handle/gearbox first, and be careful not to
damage the auger top. We also make a Tee Handle, Part # 9022-T, which can be used to turn
the auger out. This situation can be prevented by holding back on the auger when digging
in sandy or soft clay soils and allowing the auger to cut its way through.
Q. Im trying to drill through hard clay and my Little Beaver earth auger just
spins and doesnt dig in. Whats wrong?
A. First, check for foreign matter around the point and remove this material as necessary.
Then, check the condition of the point and blade. If they are dull, reverse them or
replace them. If the auger still does not dig, replace the point and standard blade with a
carbide blade. The carbide blade digs best in hard clay or asphalt. It can also be used in
Q. Do you have an auger that will drill through frozen ground?
A. Yes. The carbide blade, which can be used on the Little Beaver standard snap-on augers,
will cut through frozen ground, asphalt, or hard clay soils.
Q. Most of my drilling is done in rocky soil. What type of auger would you recommend?
A. No auger will dig through solid rock. When encountering rocky soil, you may need to
break up the rocks with a spud bar or remove the larger rocks by hand. It will have a
longer service life when used properly.
Q. Are Little Beavers points and blades reversible?
A. Little Beaver bolt-on blades (6 and 10) are reversible to increase their
cutting life. 12" blades are not reversible. The points are not reversible for any
size. Be sure to replace your points and blades regularly to ensure best digging
Q. Can I replace the standard point with a carbide point?
A. Yes, if you have the Little Beaver standard snap-on auger. Carbide blades are available
in sizes to match the diameter of your auger. When replacing a standard point with a
carbide blade, be sure to fasten securely with the included grade 5 mounting bolts and
locknuts. Use a framing square laid beside the auger and across the back of the carbide
blade to ensure that it is mounted squarely. Also, be sure to remove the side blade, as
the side blade is not required when using a carbide blade.
Q. Can I use other brands of augers with the Little Beaver?
A. Yes. Although you will achieve better performance in most soils with Little Beaver
augers, Little Beaver does make adaptors allowing you to use General or Ground Hog brand
augers with your Little Beaver earth drill. If you use the adapters, always be sure to use
the included retaining pin. Using a bolt or other pin which protrudes from the auger may
result in serious injury.
Q. Will the same augers fit on all Little Beaver models (mechanical, hydraulic and
A. Yes. Every Little Beaver earth drill model uses the same auger connection (1-1/4
Q. How long is the warranty?
A. All models come with a 90 day limited warranty. Engines are warranted by the
manufacturer of the engine for 1 or 2 year periods (refer to the engine warranty sheet for
Mechanical Earth Drill Service
Q. What types of daily maintenance do I need to perform on my
Little Beaver Mechanical Earth Drill?
A. Both the engine oil and the gearbox oil should be checked daily. You should also
visually inspect the Little Beaver to verify that no parts or fasteners are loose,
damaged, or missing.
Q. What type of oil is used in the gearbox of my Mechanical Earth Drill?
A. For your oil-bath gearbox, we recommend 85W-140 gear oil. For the older grease
lubricated gearbox, we recommend Exxon Unirex N2 grease.
Q. What type of oil should I use in the engine crankcase of my Mechanical Earth Drill?
A. In most cases, we recommend a 10W30 motor oil. Refer to your engine operators
manual for more specific recommendations.
Q. Do I need to lubricate the flexible shaft on my Mechanical Earth Drill?
A. Yes. Every 50 hours, inspect the flexible shaft and grease as necessary. Follow the
procedures outlined in your operators manual.
Q. I cant start my Mechanical Earth Drill. Ive checked the fuel and the
spark plug and theyre both fine, but it still doesnt start. What could be the
A. Check that the on/off switch on both the engine and the handle are in the
on position. Also be sure that the torque tube connected to the engine
carriage is pushing in the engine safety kill switch. Check that the engine oil is at the
proper level. Most engines are equipped with an oil alert or oil guard system to prevent
the engine from running if the oil level is too low.
Q. My auger turns all the time. I tried to adjust the engine idle, but I cant get
it low enough. What should I do?
A. Replace the springs on your centrifugal clutch. When using the earth drill, be sure not
to bog down the engine. Let it turn fast enough that the clutch doesnt
slip. Excessive slippage will cause overheating and loss of temper of the springs.
Q. My engine runs, but the auger doesnt turn? What could cause this?
A. There is a problem with the drive train. The most likely source is the flexible shaft
core. Inspect the core end fittings for cracks or breakage. Other possibilities are the
gears or shaft keys within the gearbox, the adapter key on the gearbox output shaft, or
the key on the clutch drum. Refer to a servicing dealer or your maintenance manual for
Q. I just received a new flexible shaft and it doesnt fit into my gearbox.
Whats the problem?
A. You need to remove the coupling from the end of your old flexible shaft. Re-install it
into the gearbox and tighten the set screw to lock it in place. Then your new flexible
shaft will screw into the coupling.
Q. Do the Mechanical Earth Drills have a reverse?
Q. To get more torque, Id like to slow down the speed of my Mechanical Earth
Drill. Is there any way to do this?
A. By replacing the gear set in your transmission, you can obtain lower cutting speeds
(277 RPM, 13:1 ratio or 180 RPM, 20:1 ratio) that will generate greater torque and less
vibration in rocky ground.
Q. I have an older Little Beaver mechanical model. Can I replace my old handle with a
A. Yes. The new ergonomically designed handle kit (part number HCO-M#) can replace an
older handle on your oil bath gearbox. If your machine has a grease lubricated gearbox
(built prior to June 1992), you will need to order the UK-30# Update Kit.
Q. I wish it were easier to lift the engine end of my Mechanical Earth Drill when
loading it. Do you have pick up handles available?
A. Yes. We do have a pick up handle that will fit any model of mechanical earth drill.
Adding a roll cage to your machine will also make it easier to lift into a trunk or onto
the bed of a pick-up.