Chain Link Fence Installation Manual
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- Place tension bands on
end and corner posts.
- Quantity of tension bands per hook-up = height
of fence minus one; minimum of three. For example, a 4' high chain link fence requires 3
tension bands per hook-up.
- A hook-up is each connection of chain
link to an end or corner post. End posts have one hook-up; corner posts have two hook-ups.
- Place one brace band on first to use if bottom tension wire
will be installed. This fitting requires one 5/16" x
1-1/4" standard fence bolt and nut. Install nut and bolt loosely.
- Next, install tension bands.
The tension bands are offset. The offset (flat side) faces 'out', the same side as the chain link fabric will
be installed. This is normally the outside of the enclosed area. Do not install nuts
and bolts on these.
- Place one brace band per hook-up over the
tension bands . This fitting requires one rail end cup, one
bolt and nut.
This band and cup will be used for the top rail. Tighten
with a ratchet and socket.
- The rail end cup is offset also. This offset
can be up or down on an end post. Regardless of if you choose to position the cup up or
down, be consistent. On a corner, since two sets of brace bands and rail end cups must
share the same space, the bottom rail end cup is to be offset up and the bottom rail end
cup is to be offset down. This enables the two cups to be level to each other, so
your top rail can be inserted into the cups and be level to each other.
- Typically all nuts are kept on the inside of
the fence; this prevents someone on the outside from removing the nuts easily. For high
security applications, the threads on the bolt may be 'peened' to prevent easy removal.
This can be done by using a hammer and chisel and distorting the threads on the bolt so
the nut can not be removed.
- Place post caps on
posts. The end and corner post caps are simple. There is only one way to install
them. The loop caps, as they are called, are offset, if you look at them carefully.
The offset side faces the outside of the enclosure; the same side as the chain link will
be installed. Chain link loops caps are available in aluminum, or pressed steel
with a galvanized finish. If barbed wire is to be installed, substitute barbarms in lieu of
standard chain link fence loop caps. Chain link 3-Wire barbarms are available in as 45 degree barbarm,
barbarm, and an adjustable barbarm. We also carry a 6-wire barbarm.
Beveled or flat, standard or combo,
heavy of light?
Chain Link Bands: Many chain link fence fittings are available as more
than one type. For example, tension bands and brace bands are often available as flat
bands or beveled bands, we carry both. Flat bands are typically used on residential chain
link fence installations whereas beveled bands will be used on commercial fence jobs. You
may use either as both are available for most sizes of posts. Larger chain link fence
posts may only have beveled bands which fit. Beveled chain link fittings are generally
heavier, have a better galvanized coating, and are thicker.
Chain Link Rail Ends: Rail end cups are usually available in sizes
1-3/8", 1-5/8", 2", and occasionally 2-1/2". A 1-3/8" top rail is
common on most residential chain link fences. 1-5/8" is commonly found on light
commercial through heavy industrial chain link. Rail ends are designed to fit this top
rail, mid rail, and/or bottom rail. What is commonly called a "Combo Rail End"
is a cup with either a round hole in it, or a half-circle shape in the end of it. We use
these without regard to style; the fitting does the same thing. The hole is designed so a
3/8" truss rod can be bent and slid into the fitting and into the rail. This is
normally done for a heavier, better designed chain link fence. Bracing and trussing is
also explained here.
Chain Link Fabric, Frame, and
Fittings: In general, we carry three grades of chain link products: residential,
commercial, and heavy industrial. Consult your Hoover Fence Company sales associate for
the right products for your fence project. Our experienced and trained chain link fence
staff will review your project, help determine the correct grade of materials to be used
and check your fence estimate and order for accuracy, compatibility, and quality.
Fence Tip: You may 'pre-squeeze' bands after
they have been slid on to posts. This is done by essentially pinching brace bands and
tension bands with a pair of fence pliers. Make sure you keep bolt holes lined up as you
squeeze the bands shut. Later, when you are connecting the roll of chain link to the
terminal posts, you will be thankful bands have been pre-squeezed as they will now allow
you to fit your 5/16" x 1-1/4" nut and bolt through and thread the fence nut
(Click to Enlarge)
View of bottom brace band for bottom wire, and four tension bands for a 5'
high chain link fence. View is from the inside of fence. Notice tension bands are offset
so that the flat side is facing out.
End post with brace band bolted with a rail end cup. All nuts face towards
the inside of the chain link fence enclosure.
Combo rail end cups (with holes in them for truss
rods) may be used for top rail, mid rail, and bottom rail to connect fence rail to
Proper installation of rail end cups and brace bands for a chain link fence
corner post. Notice one points up, the other down. This allows top rail to remain even at
such a junction.
One chain link brace band with nut and bolt and 5
tension bands are used for a 6' high chain link fence.
Here barbed wire arms are used as loop caps for a 6'
high plus 1' of barbed wire chain link fence.
Loop caps simply slide on top of posts. Top rail slides through